Companies have many infrastructure internet hosting options to select from, from bodily servers hosted in owned information facilities, to colocated servers in managed information facilities, to many alternative cloud platforms. Nonetheless, in 2021, Amazon Internet Providers (AWS) is by far the largest infrastructure internet hosting platform on the earth.
Companies select AWS as a result of it provides a various array of cloud providers backed by the technical experience of one of the worthwhile firms on the earth. AWS lowers infrastructure administration prices whereas offering the reliability, scalability, and availability companies count on.
Different cloud suppliers provide roughly equal providers, together with Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform, however AWS had the first-mover benefit, and its progress has outpaced its competitors.
Cloud safety is another excuse companies undertake AWS. Within the early days of the cloud, enterprise leaders had been skeptical that virtualized infrastructure platforms might provide sufficient safety and privateness. In the present day, the times of the cloud safety naysayers are long gone. No infrastructure platform is assured freed from vulnerabilities, however cloud platforms like AWS are trusted by companies, governments, and even nationwide safety providers.
This text appears at a few of the methods AWS enhances cloud safety and makes it simpler for companies to take care of safe and compliant infrastructure internet hosting. We’ll additionally discover cloud safety limitations and the way firms can guarantee their cloud infrastructure complies with business finest practices and regulatory requirements.
What’s Cloud Safety?
Cloud safety is the assets, instruments, and practices that enable companies to retailer information and run code securely within the cloud. Cloud safety’s major concern is to restrict information and infrastructure entry to licensed customers, whether or not that’s a enterprise’s prospects or inside customers of the cloud platform.
If a enterprise fails to safe its cloud infrastructure, it dangers exposing delicate information, having its assets hijacked by unhealthy actors, and subjecting its customers to malware and different threats.
Cloud infrastructure faces many alternative safety threats, together with:
- Human error. Nearly all of cloud safety vulnerabilities are attributable to configuration errors and poor understanding of cloud safety finest practices.
- Social engineering. Dangerous actors use social engineering methods corresponding to phishing assaults and govt impersonation to realize entry to delicate cloud assets corresponding to authentication credentials.
- Endpoint safety vulnerabilities. These embody software program vulnerabilities and poor safety practices across the units end-users use to entry cloud assets.
- Software program vulnerabilities. Attackers goal code hosted on cloud platforms. In keeping with the Open Internet Software Safety Challenge (OWASP) Prime Ten, the commonest internet utility vulnerabilities embody damaged entry controls, cryptographic failures, weak and outdated elements, and safety logging and monitoring failures.
Cloud platforms corresponding to AWS present instruments and providers to assist companies overcome these dangers. Nonetheless, cloud safety is barely efficient if companies perceive the dangers and how you can use the assets their platform offers to fight them.
Let’s discover 5 methods AWS helps its customers maximize cloud safety to guard their information and infrastructure belongings.
1. Amazon-Managed Knowledge Facilities, Servers, and Networks
Constructing and sustaining safe IT infrastructure requires information and expertise many companies lack. Infrastructure safety is a specialised subject, and and not using a deep understanding of the dangers, it’s all too simple to deploy infrastructure that’s weak to assault.
AWS offers a safe baseline for infrastructure deployment. Its staff embody a few of the most skilled and educated cloud safety professionals within the business. They work to implement safe information facilities, networks, and servers on which customers can deploy their code.
Moreover, AWS offers high-level PaaS and managed internet hosting options so customers don’t have to fret about securing working methods, library code, providers corresponding to internet servers, and different points of server safety. AWS doesn’t assure safety, nevertheless it does present a safe basis.
2. Highly effective Entry Administration Instruments
The OWASP Prime Ten contains two safety dangers associated to entry administration: damaged entry controls and identification and authentication failures. Id and entry administration are among the many most difficult safety and privateness administration options to get proper. Infrastructure is ineffective if the suitable folks can’t use it, however opening the door to them usually creates vulnerabilities that unhealthy actors can exploit.
AWS integrates a variety of highly effective instruments for verifying identification and controlling entry. The Id and Entry Administration (IAM) service offers instruments for managing entry to AWS providers and assets. It permits companies to connect fine-grained permissions to customers, teams, and roles. It additionally provides further safety with multi-factor authentication, and it offers federated entry for methods corresponding to Microsoft Energetic Listing.
IAM is the centerpiece of AWS’s entry administration, however the platform incorporates a number of further entry administration instruments, together with AWS Single Signal-On, AWS Useful resource Entry Supervisor, and Amazon Cognito.
3. Vulnerability and Breach Safety
How does a enterprise know when its cloud assets have been compromised? Typically it’s apparent: information turns into unavailable, and a ransom demand is delivered—there have been over 300 million ransomware assaults in 2020. However companies would ideally concentrate on breaches earlier than the worst occurs.
AWS provides a number of instruments for monitoring cloud assets for potential breaches. Amazon GuardDuty repeatedly analyzes logs, utilizing machine studying and menace intelligence to determine breaches. Amazon Inspector assesses purposes for vulnerabilities. AWS CloudTrail tracks consumer exercise and API utilization, serving to companies to determine and mitigate safety breaches.
4. Encryption and Knowledge Safety
Cryptographic failures are in second place on the OWASP Prime Ten. Knowledge needs to be encrypted in transit and at relaxation, and encryption keys needs to be managed to restrict the chance of publicity. AWS has many information safety instruments that assist companies to encrypt their information.
Knowledge storage providers corresponding to Amazon S3 and Amazon EBS can encrypt information transparently. Knowledge is mechanically encrypted because it strikes between elements of an AWS atmosphere. Amazon Macie helps companies to determine and defend delicate information. Along with built-in encryption providers, AWS additionally provides a variety of key and certificates administration providers, together with AWS Certificates Supervisor and AWS Key Administration Providers.
5. AWS Firewalls
Firewalls enable AWS customers to research and filter incoming and outgoing community visitors. AWS incorporates a mess of firewalls, together with the stateful Safety Teams and stateless Community Entry Management Lists. We wrote extra about each in Cloud Safety: What are AWS Safety Teams?
Along with community firewalls, AWS additionally offers extra specialised firewall providers, such because the AWS Internet Software Firewall (WAF), which analyzes internet visitors to determine malicious requests. AWS WAF filters assaults earlier than they attain internet purposes, together with SQL injection and cross-site scripting, which seem on the OWASP Prime Ten.
How AWS Audits Enhance Cloud Safety
We’ve checked out 5 methods AWS empowers companies to boost cloud safety, however the existence of those instruments and providers isn’t any assure they’re used accurately. Misconfiguration is the commonest reason behind cloud safety breaches and information leaks.
KirkpatrickPrice is a CPA agency specializing in data safety, together with cloud safety. Our providers assist companies to confirm their AWS cloud environments are safe and compliant. They embody:
- Distant Cloud Safety Assessments, which analyze AWS, Azure, and GCP configurations for misconfigurations and vulnerabilities.
- Cloud Safety Audits, which take a look at your cloud controls towards a framework based mostly on the CIS Benchmarks for AWS and different cloud platforms.
- Pen Testing Providers, which leverage the experience of expert penetration testers to confirm your community, internet utility, API, and wi-fi safety.
To be taught extra, contact an AWS safety auditor at this time or go to the KirkpatrickPrice AWS Cybersecurity Providers, the place you’ll discover a wealth of actionable data targeted on AWS safety and our AWS Safety Scanner.